Ernest M. Gifford

Professor Emeritus


Plant Biology


1950 PhD Botany University of California, Berkeley
1942 BA Botany University of California, Berkeley

Research Interests

Anatomy and development of vegetative and reproductive shoots of flowering plants. Root and shoot apical meristems of ferns and other lower vascular plants.

Teaching Interests

Plant morphology and development.


5/21/2010 9:26:34 AM
  • Friedman WE and EM Gifford. 1997. Development of the male gametophyte of Ginkgo biloba. In: Ginkgo biloba--a global treasure. New York: Springer-Verlag:
  • Gifford EM. 1993. The root apical meristem of Equisetum diffusum-structure and development. American Journal of Botany. 80:468-473
  • Jernstedt JA, EG Cutter, EM Gifford, and P Lu. 1992. Angle meristem origin and development in Selaginella martensii. Annals of Botany. 69:351-363